Specified Exposure Control Methods When Working With Materials Containing Crystalline Silica

Crystalline Silica Exposure Control Methods

According to OSHA's Final Rule to Protect Workers from Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica, employers shall fully and properly implement the engineering and work practice control methods detailed in the table below based on the equipment used for the construction job. This data in this table, as well as more information on OSHA regulations, can be found in OSHA's Small Entity Compliance Guide for the Respirable Crystalline Silica Standard for Construction (PDF). These recommendations apply to all occupational exposured to silica dust in construction work above 25 micrograms per cubic meter of air in an 8-hour work shift.

For more information about the silica dust regulations implemented by OSHA, please give us a call at 800-700-5919.

For a full list of silica dust collection tools, please take a look at our selection.


Equipment Engineering and Work Practice Control Methods Required Respiratory Protection and Minimum Assigned Protection Factor (APF)
≤ 4 hours /shift > 4 hours /shift
(i) Stationary masonry saws

Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.

Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions

None None
(ii) Handheld power saws (any blade diameter)

Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.

Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions to minimize dust emissions.

   

 

− When used outdoors. None APF 10
− When used indoors or in an enclosed area. APF 10 APF 10
(iii) Handheld power saws for cutting fibercement board (with blade diameter of 8 inches or less) For tasks performed outdoors only:

Use saw equipped with commercially available dust collection system.

Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.

Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the tool manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency.

None
 

 

None 
 
 
 
(iv) Walk-behind saws Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.

Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions to minimize dust emissions.

   
− When used outdoors. None None
− When used indoors or in an enclosed area. APF 10 APF 10
(v) Drivable saws For tasks performed outdoors only:

Use saw equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the blade.

Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.

None None
(vi) Rig-mounted core saws or drills Use tool equipped with integrated water delivery system that supplies water to cutting surface.

Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.

None None
(vii) Handheld and stand-mounted drills (including impact and rotary hammer drills) Use drill equipped with commercially available shroud or cowling with dust collection system.

Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.

Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the tool manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.

Use a HEPA-filtered vacuum when cleaning holes.

None None
(viii) Dowel drilling rigs for concrete For tasks performed outdoors only:

Use shroud around drill bit with a dust collection system. Dust collector must have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.

Use a HEPA-filtered vacuum when cleaning holes.

APF 10 APF 10
(ix) Vehicle-mounted drilling rigs for rock and concrete Use dust collection system with close capture hood or shroud around drill bit with a low-flow water spray to wet the dust at the discharge point from the dust collector. None None
OR    
Operate from within an enclosed cab and use water for dust suppression on drill bit. None None
(x) Jackhammers and handheld powered chipping tools Use tool with water delivery system that supplies a continuous stream or spray of water at the point of impact.    
− When used outdoors. None APF 10
− When used indoors or in an enclosed area. APF 10 APF 10
OR     
Use tool equipped with a commercially available shroud and dust collection system.    
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.    
Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the tool manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.    
− When used outdoors. None APF 10 
− When used indoors or in an enclosed area. APF 10 APF 10
(xi) Handheld grinders for mortar removal (i.e., tuckpointing) Use grinder equipped with commercially available shroud and dust collection system. APF 10 APF 25
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.    
Dust collector must provide 25 cubic feet per minute (cfm) or greater of airflow per inch of wheel diameter and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a cyclonic pre-separator or filter-cleaning mechanism.    
(xii) Handheld grinders for uses other than mortar removal For tasks performed outdoors only: None None
Use grinder equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the grinding surface.    
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions to minimize dust emissions.    
OR    
Use grinder equipped with commercially available shroud and dust collection system.    
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.    
Dust collector must provide 25 cubic feet per minute (cfm) or greater of airflow per inch of wheel diameter and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a cyclonic pre-separator or filter-cleaning mechanism.    
− When used outdoors. None None
− When used indoors or in an enclosed area. None APF 10
(xiii) Walk-behind milling machines and floor grinders Use machine equipped with integrated water delivery system that continuously feeds water to the cutting surface. None None
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.    
Use machine equipped with dust collection system recommended by the manufacturer.    
Use machine equipped with dust collection system recommended by the manufacturer. None None
Operate and maintain tool in accordance with manufacturer's instructions to minimize dust emissions.    
Dust collector must provide the air flow recommended by the manufacturer, or greater, and have a filter with 99% or greater efficiency and a filter-cleaning mechanism.    
When used indoors or in an enclosed area, use a HEPA-filtered vacuum to remove loose dust in between passes.    
(xiv) Small drivable milling machines (less than half-lane) Use a machine equipped with supplemental water sprays designed to suppress dust. Water must be combined with a surfactant. None None
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.    
(xv) Large drivable milling machines (half-lane and larger) For cuts of any depth on asphalt only:

Use machine equipped with exhaust ventilation on drum enclosure and supplemental water sprays designed to suppress dust.

None None
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.    
For cuts of four inches in depth or less on any substrate:    
Use machine equipped with exhaust ventilation on drum enclosure and supplemental water sprays designed to suppress dust. None None
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.    
OR    
Use a machine equipped with supplemental water spray designed to suppress dust. Water must be combined with a surfactant. None None
Operate and maintain machine to minimize dust emissions.    
(xvi) Crushing machines Use equipment designed to deliver water spray or mist for dust suppression at crusher and other points where dust is generated (e.g., hoppers, conveyers, sieves/sizing or vibrating components, and discharge points). None None
Operate and maintain machine in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions to minimize dust emissions.    
Use a ventilated booth that provides fresh, climate-controlled air to the operator, or a remote control station.    
(xvii) Heavy equipment and utility vehicles used to abrade or fracture silicacontaining materials (e.g., hoe-ramming, rock ripping) or used during demolition activities involving silica-containing materials Operate equipment from within an enclosed cab. None None
When employees outside of the cab are engaged in the task, apply water and/or dust suppressants as necessary to minimize dust emissions. None None
(xviii) Heavy equipment and utility vehicles for tasks such as grading and excavating but not including: demolishing, abrading, or fracturing silicacontaining materials Apply water and/or dust suppressants as necessary to minimize dust emissions. None None
OR    
When the equipment operator is the only employee engaged in the task, operate equipment from within an enclosed cab. None None